The purpose of this study was to determine whether an approach combining creating strategy awareness and
recycling words will result in better vocabulary learning (delayed recall) of selected words than teaching vocabulary following the
course book alone, for intermediate level English language learners. Two English language classes, a total of 51 students at Hacettepe
University Preparatory School participated in the study. The study followed a pre-test post-test control group design. The comparison
of the means of the pre-test scores of both control and experimental groups showed that the two groups were not significantly different
in terms of their vocabulary proficiency on the tested items. After the treatment however, the post-test scores of the two groups
showed significant differences. The results indicated that the treatment the experimental group received contributed to students’
vocabulary recall of the selected items positively.
In this study, the analogies and misconceptions that the university students developed about the basic concepts and
events of the subject of enzymes were tried to be determined and it was searched that whether the method of using analogies is effective
on meaningful learning process or not. In order to determine the students’ levels of learning the subject of enzyme and the analogies
regarding the subject, an essay test covering ten questions was developed. 50 biology education students attending Department
of Biology Education / Hacettepe University Faculty of Education participated in the study. The students were randomly divided into
two, as experiment and control, groups. After explaining the subject to the students with plain teaching and the analogy methods, the
achievement test was applied to them as pre-post tests. Concerning the subject of enzyme, the understanding level of the students in
the control group was low in both tests. (Xpre=8,00; Xpost=8,05). On the other hand, the students in the experiment group achieved
greater success in the post-test than the pre-test (Xpre=4,87; Xpost=10,81). There was observed a meaningful increase in achievements
of the students in the experiment group where the analogy method was applied (t=3,481; p<0,05). Rather than misconceptions,
partial learning was observed among the students of both groups. Especially the subjects of “enzyme kinetics” and “ enzyme
inhibitions” were the subjects that the students had difficulties to understand. Most of the students had difficulties in developing
analogies. The analogies developed by the students were at the enriched or extended analogy level.
In this completed qualitative dissertation research, the nature of the relationship between professional development
programs (in-service training programs) and English language instructors was studied with a critical postmodern lense focusing on
the narratives of nine English language instructors on their experiences in their professional development programs. The results
revealed that the instructors conceptualize these programs as domains in which they develop themselves professionally amidst many
hardships that have the power of hindering their development. It is noted that such conceptualization has effects on their professional
development as well as their own classroom teaching. Data collection method was in-depth interviewing and it was found that the
instructors’ narratives included themes of power struggles affecting their conceptualizations of teacher trainers, classroom
observations, the delivering of these programs and the administrative units all of which signal the need for a shift towards more
humanitarian and innovative professional development practices.
Keywords: Professional Development Programs, English language instructors, critical, postmodern [HTML]
With the realisation of the importance that self-esteem has as a central role in children’s success in school and
furthermore for their future in the work place and their personal lives, educators identified some systems, which can be integrated
into school life, that target self-esteem and social and emotional skills. One such model is Circle Time, a proactive Pastoral Care
system that is based on boosting self-esteem and personal – emotional - social skills (PES) and therefore life skills. This review
focuses upon this pro-active approach within the pastoral care curriculum, which has been gaining ground recently: Circle Time, a
system that gives all parties within the school community opportunities to develop their self-esteem and PES. This review will
concern itself with introducing the concept, descriptions of the possible application of Circle Time within Turkish schools and the
possible advantages of this approach for schools. Furthermore this review will discuss the need for pre-service and in-service
education for the application of Circle Time within Turkish schools.
Keywords: circle-time, guidance and counselling, pastoral care (personal, social and emotional education), self-esteem [HTML]
Given the important role of the affective variables in the process of learning, this paper examines ways of
overcoming negative effects (i.e. anxiety, boredom) of the contextual factors. Exemplifying the uses of humor through contextspecific,
purpose-driven jokes, it maintains that humor can be utilized to produce a resourceful, encouraging and creative lesson at
upper-intermediate and advanced levels at tertiary institutions. Among other benefits noted are smiling, laughter, non-threatening
atmosphere, and self-confidence. Attempts of creating a compassionate environment in the classroom find their roots in Humanistic
Teaching, Affective Filter hypothesis and Suggestopedia. Using the self-reported views of tertiary students, gathered through a
questionnaire, the study reveals the attitudes of learners towards humor, discusses the benefits of humor, and seeks significant
differences between and among learners in terms of sex and year level. The paper concludes that humor forms a vital component in
Interest for school and lessons is one of the most important factors affecting the success and knowledge acquisition
of students. Furthermore, maintaining a sustainable interest in students for new things is also among the aims of biology education.
The aim of this study is to examine how the interest of high school students for biology lesson and biology subjects differ with
regard to gender and grade. The study is a descriptive field research. High school students from different sociocultural neighbourhoods
of Ankara are the subjects of the research. The significance of difference among genders is measured by T-test and significance
of differences among grades is measured by unidirectional variance analysis. The results of the research show that the subjects that
male students are most interested in are reproduction and evolution while female students are most interested in evolution, human biology,
behaviour in living creatures and reproduction. The subjects in which there are meaningful differences between sexes are reproduction,
human biology, evolution and behaviour in living creatures. Systems, growth and development are among subjects in
which there are significant differences between grades. Biology is the fifth most interesting lesson for male students while it is the
seventh for female students.
The purpose of this study was firstly, to investigate i) the meaningful learning level and the level of misconceptions
of the student’s on the subject of “Matter and its properties” ii) the relationship among these variables with the student’s attitude
toward science, their logical thinking levels, their achievement scores from secondary education, their order of department preference
and finally, their scores on the Student Selection Examination. Matter Concept Test, Attitude Toward Science and Logical Thinking
Test were administrated to the students to collect data. The meaningful learning levels of the science teaching student’s were found
between % 91-21 and students’ level of misconceptions related with the concept were found between % 76- 4.28 Student’s level
of understanding was low and the level of misconceptions was very high on the concepts related with solubility, dissolving and phase
change especially. A significant relationship was observed between the students’ level of meaningful learning of the concepts related
with matter and their attitudes toward science. On the other hand, no significant relationships were observed between their logical
thinking levels and their achievement scores from secondary education; and their logical thinking levels and scores on the Student
Selection Examination and their attitudes toward science.
Keywords: matter and particulate nature of matter, misconceptions, meaningful learning, ability of logical thinking level, attitude toward science. [HTML]
The main purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood teachers’ attitudes toward gender roles and toward
discipline. The findings demonstrated that early childhood teachers had a tendency to hold egalitarian attitudes toward gender roles
and discipline. In other words, these attitudes were found to be highly correlated.
Keywords: Attitudes, early childhood teachers, gender roles, discipline [HTML]
Early childhood period has a great effect on individuals’ future life. Having a positive interaction with parents, especially
with mothers, will establish a basis for a child’s many-sided development. As mothers are the most important figures in children’s
life, especially at that period, it becomes important to study the acceptance and rejection behaviors of mothers.The aim of this
study is to examine the acceptance and rejection behaviors of mothers from lower socio-economic backgrounds who live in Diyarbak›r
province, Ergani district and who have children at the age of 5. The data of the research will be obtained by using Personal Information
Form, and Parent’s Acceptance and Rejection Scale (Form for Mothers) developed by Rohner .
Keywords: acceptance of parents, rejection of parents, parents attitudes [HTML]
In these days when one tries to prepare the “National Biological Diversity Action Plan”, we must be conscious about
biological diversity being a rising value all over the world that this fact would be sustainable and we should do our best in this direction.
Dealing in ‘Agenda 21’ increases the importance of this topic. In this way, with our consciousness about what we should do,
this study was prepared and found answers about questions like ‘what biological diversity is’, ‘the importance of biological diversity’,
‘how biological diversity should be given in education’, and ‘how is the sustainable usage of biological diversity’. This study
could bean example in how and why this subject should be taken up in schools.
It is essential that foreign language learners create realistic images of the people living in those countries with their
daily lives which can be done through the coursebooks that reflect the socio-cultural and societal background. In these coursebooks,
visual materials present such images.
Starting in the first years of the republic, foreign language coursebooks used in our schools have either been selected from
the foreign coursebooks published in abroad or written by committees composed of scholars experts on the field. In this study, visual
materials and aspects of German coursebooks Almanca Ders Kitab›, Wir lernen Deutsch, Texte und Situationen, Lern mit uns,
Hallo, Kinder! such as drawings, photographs are exploited. It is targeted that the development achieved in time in regards to the
visual aspects of German coursebooks will shed light to the field through suggestions steming from this study.
Keywords: Regional German Coursebooks, from Past to Present, visual aspects. [HTML]
The purpose of this research was to investigate elementary school students’ successes in choosing the correct arithmetic
operation for different types of standard word problems. Clinical interviews were conducted with 3rd, 4th and 5th grades of an
elementary school located in a mid-low socioeconomic area in Bolu. Data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Results showed
that students generally used key words when they were solving word problems. Implications for mathematics education at the elementary
level were discussed.
Keywords: word problems, addition, subtraction, key words and mathematics education [HTML]
Parallel to the rapid developments in social and economic fields, the dimension of the health problems has also been
increased. The community health has been affected not only by various physical diseases but also psychological disorders. Recent
observations have revealed that there is an increase in psychological problems such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, learning
disabilities, anxiety, depression, and psychosomatic problems among primary school students. This case have led the studies towards
pre-school children. Because, the children at that age group cannot directly express their discomforts and problems. They use
projective ways such as pictures, games, and somatic complaints to express their discomfort. In order to increase the level of mental
health of the society, it would be a necessity to give protective services properly. Therefore, to monitor and to recognize the symptoms
in a target group that are under risk would be the first step.
This study aims at examining the problem behaviors of pre-school children in Ankara.The sampling group of the study consists
of 162 boys and 176 girls from 3-5 age group that are chosen randomly. The Child Behavior Check-List For Ages 11/2-5,
CBCL / 11/2-5 and The Caregiver- Teacher Report Form for Ages 11/2-5, C-TRF 11/2-5 developed by Achenbach & Rescorla (2000)
had been used in order to determine the children’s problematic behaviors. One way ANOVA had been used to determine the relation
between the scores that the children obtained from the scale and the age and gender.
Student’s misconceptions that identified especially in abstract subjects in chemistry education are one of the important
factors which obstacles construction of knowledge with a highly yield. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in investigating remediation
of misconceptions with active learning activities according to constructivist model for increasing students’ learning success.
There are many misconceptions in the subject of Ionic Bonding in the Chemical Bonding Unit which is important subject in
grade 9. In this study, a pre-test consisting of 5 open-ended and 7 multiple-choice totaling 12 questions was applied to 32 students
following the learning of ionic bonding and in addition, interviewed with some of them to define their existing misconceptions in this
subject. Then, a new guide material was developed based on constructivist model about Ionic Bonding. In the guide material reasoning
was encouraged; images, photographs and graphics about the subject as well as cooperative learning and experimental activities,
computer animations and reading passages were given. After the application of the guide material, a post-test was administered,
and students and teachers were interviewed about the guide material. Analyzed data from the post-test showed that the developed guide
material was successful in remediation of the determined misconceptions in Ionic Bonding.
Keywords: Misconception, chemical bonding, concepts of ionic bonding, active learning chemistry education. [HTML]
Among the studies that are carried out to make the teaching-learning process more effective, different teaching
methods have been developed, and their effects have been investigated. One of these teaching methods is concept maps.
Concept maps help learning to be realized in a meaningful and permanent way by getting the knowledge structured in mind.
In this study, concept maps, which are considered to help of biology concepts in a meaningful and pemanent way, have been
used, and the effects of concept maps on achievement and retention in biology education have been investigated. Two groups,
experimental and control groups, have been formed from the students who take part in the research. While the teaching in the
control group has been based on lecturing, teaching in the experimental group has been based on concept maps. Data on success
and retention has been colected through an achievement test. The statistical analyses of the data have been observed and
a meaningful difference between two groups has been found. According to the findings, students instructed through concept
maps are more successful than the ones who have been instructed through lecturing, and learning is more permanent in the
Keywords: biology education, concept maps, achievement and retention of learning. [HTML]
Concept mapping has been widely used as one of the most efficient methods of revealing the cognitive structure of
an individual on any concept. There are not only different concept mapping techniques but also different ways of analysis. It has been
suggested that concept maps provide valuable and rich information which becomes disoriented when they are analyzed only
quantitatively. This study has described a qualitative analyzing method of concept maps, developed for investigating the cognitive
structures of preservice teachers on some educational concepts. An analysis of the relations between the concepts in concept maps is
developed and discussed which was neglected by both qualitative and quantitative analyses in the literature. This analyzing method
aims to examine concept maps created by pre-service teachers using “construct-a-map-from-scratch” method centred on multiple key
concepts which emphasized the categorization of linkage labels and other connected concepts.
Keywords: Concept Maps, Data Analysis, Qualitative Analyses, Preservice Teachers [HTML]
If the goal in education is understanding, problem solving and the ability to use information in new situations, learner-centered
approach that like constructivism should prefer. The constructivist learning approach stands in contrast to the dominant
paradigm in education, traditional or objectivist paradigm. According to constructivism knowledge is not passively received through
the senses, knowledge is actively built up by the learner. In this article, it is explained the meaning of the term “constructivism”, its
historical developmet, kinds of constructivism and how this perspective on learning has influenced the development of knowledge
Keywords: behaviorist learning theory, constructivist learning theory, educational program [HTML]
The objective of this research was to find out which communication strategies the fourth and fifth grade primary
school students used in their English courses when they were faced with difficulties in various contexts of interaction.
The communication strategies that the students used were analysed in three different contexts: ‘classroom interactions’,
‘roleplays’, ‘conversations about daily events and their lives’. The strategies most used were retrieval, transfer from the
native language and overgeneralization. Language switch, message reduction, appeal to authority, restructuring, message
abandonment, topic avoidance and non-linguistic strategies were also used.
The findings of the research revealed that the type of communication strategies used by primary school students in
their English courses may change depending on the contexts of interaction and the students’ linguistic and communication
Keywords: communication strategies, interlanguage development, primary school students [HTML]
This study examines the competency perception of biology teachers in the use of educational equipment. The sampling
group consists of 72 biology teachers who work in Ankara in 2002-2003 scholastic year. A questionnaire has been used in the
collection of research data.
The results of the data have indicated that biology teachers find themselves rather competent in choosing equipment that are
suitable for the class, the level of students, the environment, and the required goals; developing ‘teaching materials’ that are suitable
for the aim of the course; teaching students the required information regarding the use of equipment; organizing the class according
to the features of the equipment, maintaining and controlling the equipment before and after the class; and assessing the content of
the equipment to be used. They have found themselves partially competent in fixing the simple defects; providing access in and out
of the school; following the current developments; managing the biology class in the laboratory, whereas they have found themselves
rarely competent in finding out about the teaching equipment in City Education Material Center. They have found themselves rarely
competent in using technical equipment and fairly competent in using less complicated and technical equipment.
Keywords: biology teaching, use of equipment, teacher competency. [HTML]
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Discovery Laboratory Model to remedy science student teachers’
misconceptions and to enhance level of understanding of force concept. The pre-test including one open-ended question to
find out misconceptions was applied to 60 students enrolled at the first year of science teacher-training program. An activity which
developed according to the discovery laboratory model to remedy the determined misconceptions was than implemented to 30 different
students at the same level at KTU Fatih Education Faculty in 2002-2003 educational year. During the implementation unstructured
observations were done. Then, post-test including two open-ended questions was applied. The misconception of “constant motion
requires constant force” determined in the pre-test is decreased in the post-test applied after the implementation. The level of understanding
about force concept was increased considerably. It is appeared that Discovery Laboratory Model is an effective way of
teaching for conceptual development. Therefore, it is suggested that at least some of the laboratory activities should be organized according
to Discovery Laboratory Model at Educational faculties.
Keywords: discovery laboratory model, misconception, force concept, physics teaching. [HTML]
Within the scope of the study, the topic “Radioactivity” available in the 2nd class high school chemistry lessons
was analyzed from the content, teaching and learning activities point of view. The essence of the “Radiation Technology” was especially
emphasized in addition to the topics already mentioned in the book and the incorporation of the relevant topic into the education
program was recommended. Furthermore, a test on the topic “radioactivity” composed of 20 questions was prepared and applied
to 184 students so as to evaluate their knowledge thereupon. Their success was found out to range from 90.8% to 31% accordingly.
The correct answer percentage of the students to questions 9 and 19 about radioactive decay and question 17 about the half-life ranges
from 33% to 31%. The knowledge of the students about radioactivity was noticed to be confined to the topics available in the
school books only. The study showed that the students could not well explain the concept of the radiation technology which is of great
importance in health, environment and industry, and they did not have knowledge about its applications.
Keywords: High School 2nd Class Chemistry Book, Radioactivity, Radiation Technology [HTML]
On the verge of joining the European Union, Turkey needs well trained young people, especially in the field of foreign
languages. However, as is the case in the rest of the world, foreign language in Turkey is taken to mean English. When Turkey’s
relations with the European Union are taken into consideration, other European languages, more specifically German, turn out to be
very important. Therefore, it is inevitable that graduates of German Language and Literature Departments and of German Language
Teaching Departments, who have difficulty in employment, can be seen as valuable potential human resource.
Thus, the study points out that the above-mentioned difficulty of employment could be overcome by making the learning of
German a second foreign language in the Turkish education system compulsory. Furthermore, undergraduates studying at German
Language and Literature Departments can be allowed to take courses from various departments such as tourism, economics and international
relations to contribute to the efforts on the way of Turkey’s accession to the European Union
Keywords: German language and literature departments, german language teaching departments, professional objectives [HTML]
This study aimed at investigating beginner level English language learners’ perspectives on the listening skill with
regard to several dimensions, and to find out the extent to which the learners who have been trained in listening strategies actually
use them while listening. The study took place at the English Preparatory School of an English medium university. Forty-one learners
participated in this study. The study was based on qualitative data that were collected through two means: a survey questionnaire and
think-aloud protocols. The findings indicate that a few students in this study considered themselves good at listening. Not so many
students knew about listening strategies and they thought that a training might help them be more successful in English. The results
of the think aloud protocols suggest that if students are given training in listening strategies, they will make use of these strategies
while listening to texts.
Interest for lessons is an important prerequisite for learning as it addresses both the cognitive and affective fields.
Therefore, increasing the interest of students in lessons guarantees more success and a more qualified education. The aim of this study
is to examine how the interest of high school students in lessons differ with regard to gender and grade. High school students selected
from different sociocultural neighbourhoods of Ankara in 2003-2004 education year constitute the working group of the research.
The gender differences with regard to interest for lessons are measured by t-test whereas grade differences are measured by unidirectional
variance analysis. The results of the research show that the subjects that male students are most interested in are, respectively,
computer, physical education, religious culture and knowledge, mathematics and biology while female students are most interested
in, respectively, computer, mathematics, religious culture and knowledge, foreign language and Turkish language and literature. The
lessons that both group of students are least interested in are physics and art. The lessons in which there are significant differences
between sexes with regard to interest in lessons are physics, foreign language, Turkish language and literature, religious culture and
knowledge, physical education and computer. The lessons in which there are significant differences between both male and female
students of different grades are geography, history, literature, computer and foreign language
Keywords: high school, lessons, interest in lesson. [HTML]
In the present study, the prediction capacity of test anxiety, daily hassles, social support, and gender variables on
depression of 8th-11th grades students were examined. The sample of the study included totally 485 (257 female, 228 male). Beck
Depression Inventory - Turkish Form (BDI), Test Anxiety Inventory – Turkish Form (TAI), Daily Hassles Scale (DHS), and Perceived
Social Support Scale (PSSS-R) were administred in other to gather the data in this study. The data were analyzed by Stepwise
Regression technique. Major findings of this study were, test anxiety, daily hassles with family, daily hassles with friends, daily hassles
with environment, family support, teacher support, and gender predicted depression of 8th-11th grades students significantly.
Peer support and daily hassles with academic life did not predict depression significantly. The findings were discussed in the light of
related literature, and suggestion were made.
Keywords: Depression, test anxiety, daily hassles, social support, students [HTML]
Within the scope of the study, a total amount of 6 experiments mentioned in the high school 3rd class chemistry book chosen
by the Ministry of National Education as the study book were analyzed. The adequacy of the safety data of dangerous chemical substances
used throughout the relevant experiments was investigated and relevant suggestions were made to incorporate this topic in the education
schedule. Furthermore, 10 questions regarding the “Dangerous Features of the Chemical Substances” were asked to 50 high school 3rd
class students in order to assess their knowledge about the possible dangers that might be caused by those chemical substances and whether
the students perform any experiment at school. The knowledge percentage of the students were evaluated to be ranging from 20.44% to 70%
after having checked their answers. 48 students out of 50 were found out to be carrying out experiments at their chemistry classes.
Keywords: High School 3rd Class Chemistry Book, Dangerous Chemical Substances, Safe Study [HTML]
One of the believes that affects the formation of behavior is self-efficacy. It is a very important point in effective
education to determine and develop teachers’ self-efficacy that may affect the motivation and performance of the individual. However,
due to the problems in the means that are used to evaluate self-efficacy, a need for valid and reliable new means has occured.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of Teacher’s Self-Efficacy Scale that was developed by Schmitz and
Schwarzer in 2000 in Germany for Turkey’s conditions. Reliability alfa values of the original scale in German are .81 and .76. The
scale was translated into Turkish by professionals who have a formal German education. The scale was also evaluated by professionals
regarding its adaptability to Turkish and content. The scale, that has been re-formed was applied to 87 teachers in order to determine
its validity and reliability. According to the results of factor analysis, the scale that is adapted to Turkish is two-dimensional
and the number of items in Turkish scale is 8 whereas the number is 10 in original scale. The reliability of the adapted scale was figured
by Cronbach alfa and the alfa value for the whole was found .79.
In this study, the test items of The Student Selection and Placement Examination for Secondary Education were
examined with respect to settlement regions of students in terms of differential item function (DIF). Mantel-Haenszel statistic was
used in order to examine differential item functioning. 83 cities in Turkey have been grouped into five categories by The State
Planning Organization that used principle component analysis according to social economics indicators. No DIF was observed in
Turkish, natural sciences and social sciences subtests. However, DIF was found in one item of mathematics subtest with respect to
settlement regions. It was investigated whether DIF’s were due to item bias or item impact.
In this research, the knowledge of the students who learnt biology at the high school, on biological subjects related
with the daily life and their attitudes about applying this knowledge were aimed to be determined. A biology success test regarding
the daily life, including biological subjects concerned with the daily life and applying for the people who graduated from high
school and a scale had been prepared, in order to determine the behaviors got in the biology lessons, that could be carried out or not
in the daily life. This scale and success test had been carried out on 182 students attending to the department of high school of foreign
languages of the Hacettepe University. In the result of the achievement test and scale it had been learnt that people have incorrect
and insufficient knowledge on the subjects of biology concerned with the daily life. And it had been carried out that people are
in the tendency of having incorrect behaviors. It had been found out that this situation is not only because of the insufficiencies of
the programs in intermediate schools but also the great effects of the society affecting the behaviors of the people with its tradition.
The importance of information literacy for teachers has been recognized. Because of their mentor roles teachers
should not only possess information literacy skills but also feel confident and competent in the use of these skills. In other words,
teachers should develop high level self-efficacy beliefs for information literacy skills. In this paper, the level of teachers’ information
literacy self efficacy beliefs and its relevance with their age, branches and levels they taught, and the schools they graduate from were
Keywords: information literacy, self-efficacy belief, teachers. [HTML]
The aim of this research is to examine the effect of e-learning and cognitive style on student achievement and perceived
Internet self-efficacy. The study was based on three groups, which were designed according to Posttest Control Group Model.
One of them was an experimental group, which took an MS Excel® course with e-learning. The others were the control groups, which
took the same course with the face to face instructional method. At the end of the research, no significant difference was found between
e-learning and face to face instructional methods, due to achievement while there was a significant difference between field dependent
and field independent cognitive styles. Field independent students were more successful than field dependent students. In addition,
students who did not have any prior knowledge were more successful in the lecture with lab-supported activities. There was
also a significant difference among the students according to e-learning and face to face instructional methods with respect to perceived
Internet self-efficacy. The students who were enrolled in e-learning showed more higher perceived Internet self-efficacy. On the
other hand, there was no significant difference in students’ Internet self-efficacy due to cognitive styles.
Keywords: e-learning, distance education, cognitive style, perceived Internet self-efficacy, Web-based learning, Excel education, field dependent, field independent [HTML]
firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education 06800 Beytepe / Ankara