The contemporary art education has four dimensions: art production, aesthetics, art history and art criticism. In the content of art history, there are also life stories of artist, as well as art media, art styles and periods. The knowledge of art history provides children to evaluate and interpret artifacts from their own point of views, by this way they develop their own aesthetic understanding. Art history also takes children to a journey to the humankind. Art history is a powerful vehicle by telling real artists’ “real life stories” to children that provide them “real life lessons”. Under the light of that idea, this study aims to investigate the present state of illustrated children’s books where the visual artists’ were portrayed. The education of those artists’, their art styles, the socio-cultural and economic conditions in their time period that they influenced their arts, their families and close friends, and the role of incidents happened in their real life, and the messages given to children were explored in the study. To do that, twenty books were analyzed. In this descriptive study, the document analysis was used. The content analysis were employed.
Keywords: Artist’s lives, Art history, Illustated children’s books [HTML]
The purpose of this paper is to test the impact of vocational group guidance programme developed based on the identity theory of Super on the development of vocational maturity of ninth grade students. In this research preliminary an experimental pattern consisting of test-final test and follow-up test with test and control groups has been used. The group of the study consists of Yakın Doğu High School ninth grade students. Test (12 girls – 10 boys) and control and control (12 girls – 10 boys) groups of the study consisted of 44 students assigned on a non-biased manner. In the study Vocational Maturity Inventory (Kuzgun, Bacanlı, 2005) was used in order to measure the vocational maturity levels of students. The group guidance programme on developing the vocational maturity was applied on the test group in 2010-2011 spring semester in 7 sessions. Three meetings were held with the students in control group and discussions were made on their school lives and how they evaluated their free time. In the study Mann Whitney U test and Repated ANOVA test was used. As a result of the study, it has been displayed that group guidance programme which was tested in the research had an impact on increasing the professional maturity levels of ninth-grade students.
Keywords: Adolescents, group guidance, vocational maturity [HTML]
The aim of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale to measure students’ attitudes towards laboratory skills. After literature review, a five-point Likert type scale was prepared which was consisting of 35 items and administered to a sample of 354 university student who was attending a teacher training program at Hacettepe University. At the end of the data analysis four factors and twenty five items are determined respecting statistics laboratory skills by using Explanatory Factor Analysis. Through Confirmatory Factor Analysis was decided that determined factors have adequate indexes. Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficient for the whole scale was found to be 0.910, for recognizing the materials and chemicals subdimension was found to be 0.916, for considering feedback subdimension was found to be 0.774, for the communication in the laboratory subdimension was found to be 0.809 and for the feeling ready her/his-self subdimension was found to be 0.643. These findings show that the scale is valid and sufficiently reliable.
Keywords: chemistry laboratory, laboratory skills, attitudes towards laboratory skills [HTML]
As an important part of adaptive learning systems, and having a leading role when measured in individual differences literature, working memory (WM) is an important variable for determining individual differences. N-back tasks are kind of measuring scales/tools of working memory and oftenly used in recently studies. When talking about cognitive processes, executive functions are the first thing coming to mind. They are related to prefrontal cortex of the brain and controlled by “central executive” according to Baddeley’s Model of WM. As named “workbench of cognition” by Klatzky (1980), WM is more than short term memory (STM). WM keeps information in a specific time (what STM does), then transforms the information according to the required components of performance and combines the all parts for a conclusion. In other words, WM has an important role in processing and construction of knowledge. The aim of this study is to discuss the usage of a multi-media based open source n-back task software, which is translated into Turkish by researchers, as a data collection tool and to share usage suggestions in learning environments.
Keywords: working memory, executive functions, n-back tasks [HTML]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usability of Social Media Classroom (SMC). SMC is a free and open-source web service, developed in 2008. SMC provides teacher and learners an integrated set of social media tools like blog, wiki, forum, chat, and social bookmarking. The usability of this online learning environment was evaluated by cognitive walkthrough which is one of expert evaluation methods. 3 experts who are experienced in human-computer interaction and online learning environments were participated to the evaluation process. Results were presented by analyzing experts’ usability reports. Besides, opinions of students’ who used SMC for one term, gathered by reports and analyzed. Opinions of students used for supporting the experts’ reports.
Keywords: Social Media Classroom, SMC, usability [HTML]
The purpose of this research is to examine the formation and implementation of The Fundamental Movement Education programs for 5-6 years old children, and as a result, the effect of this program on the development of movement skills on 5-6 years old children. The effect of the basic movement program, the research has been carried out with 60 children from 5-6 year old group (60 test, 60 control) The measurements are made with the Test of Gross Motor Development - 2 (TGMD-2) At the end of the pre-test practices of 5-6 years old children, the Fundamental Movement Education Program has been implemented on the test group for 12 weeks; 2 days, 30 minutes in a week. The control group, on the other hand, has not been given movement education. It is seen that there is a meaningful difference in the fundamental movement skills which is locomotor skills and manipulative skills.
Keywords: Movement Education, Preschool, Fundamental Movement Skills, TGMD-2 [HTML]
The reprimand that graduates of Faculties of Communications are inadequate within the media sector focuses upon the point that no or insufficient information and experience pertaining to the Field is passed on to the students while they are doing their degree. It has been observed that within the corridors of Television stations and Media Outlets, the administrative level is mostly critiquing the fact that the ‘Schooled’ personnel (those that have received a formal training rather than those who rose from the ranks of apprenticeship) have very little ability to perform in the field due to their lack of experience. As a result, the insufficiency of experience gained at the faculties has given much way to a lot of belittling and thus has made it necessary to scrutinize the education offered at these faculties. How appropriate is the education being offered to what is necessary in the field? Pinpointing the expectations the work field constitutes so that graduates will meet the requirements. This study will also determine the density in the number of university graduates working in the sector and its effects on the sector and it will help resolve the existing problems. This study aims to explore how compatible the predominantly theoretical education offered and knowledge gained at these faculties is to how things operate in the work field of Radio and Television institutions, newspapers, magazines, periodicals and all media organs. One on one interviews, literature reviews and qualitative research methods such as observations will be conducted. The interview form, which will be presented to academicians and people of management positions in the media sector, will be composed of semi-structured questions. Content analysis method will be used to evaluate the collected data. The one on one meetings and the interviews carried out in the field of application concur that graduates from existing Faculties of Communications, academicians in this field and management level media personnel are not well equipped for implementing their knowledge in the field since there is little correspondence between what is taught at the Faculties and what is required in the field. Furthermore, the areas in which their knowledge can be implemented are fairly restricted.
Keywords: education, communication, media, communication education [HTML]
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of self-esteem and perceived parental authority to two types of perfectionism (adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism) and non-perfectionism in middle school aged Turkish Cypriot children in London. All participants were administered Almost Perfect Scale – Revised, Parental Authority Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire. One-way ANOVA design was used to see the differences in the means of self-esteem scores, and parental authority scores of adaptive, maladaptive perfectionists and non-perfectionists. It was found that the scores on authoritative parenting were significantly higher in maladaptive and non-perfectionists than adaptive perfectionists. In addition, maladaptive and non-perfectionists do not have significantly higher scores on permissive parenting than adaptive perfectionists. Finally, results showed that adaptive perfectionists have significantly higher scores in self-esteem than maladaptive and non-perfectionists.
Keywords: Perfectionism, Perceived Parental Authority, Self-esteem, Children [HTML]
Since the importance of the usage of educational technologies is increasing day by day, teachers need to save the lessons from traditionality and let the students gain their own technological literacy. The aim of this study here is to maintain the thoughts of the teachers, students and school administrators on the issue of using learning technologies based on constructivist approach at the primary school level with comparisons and then trying to improve the educational quality of our country in order to catch up with the world wide reforms done in this field. Interview and observation techniques, as the methods of qualitative research, are used in this study. As a result of this study it is found that the teachers are not capable of using the whole capacity of the learning technologies. That is why there should be an increase in the number of in-house education seminars. Not only the contents of those seminars should be designed for effective usage of technological tools but also there should be exercises for teachers to have active role during those seminars and teachers should be informed with the concept of constructivist education.
A comparative analysis in the affective domain of students studying at an English-medium college is carried out. Participants (whose mother tongue is Turkish) study a second foreign language of French, has contributed to the study. The database of the study comprises of the conception of students in terms of ‘age’ and ‘gender’ who are studying a second foreign language besides English. The survey comprised of 53 questions; 37 positive and 16 negative. It measured Interest, Trust and Practicability in the area of affective education. It was completed by 218 people. A comparison has been made regarding affective domain in teaching French in terms of area and personal differences. The result of the study shows that whilst in grade-6 and 7 interest, trust, practicability in learning a second foreign language is high, these factors drop slightly in grade-8 and increase again in grade-9.
Keywords: French Learning, Foreign Language, Affective Domain [HTML]
The aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of primary school teacher candidates about lifelong learning. The study group of this study has included 32 senior students studying at Hacettepe University, Department of Elementary Education. A phenomenological research design is used as a qualitative research technique in this study. Data were gathered through a semi-structured interview and analyzed via descriptive analysis. According to the findings of the research, there exists a similarity between the thoughts of teacher candidates about lifelong learning and the base lines of the definitions of the term in literature. Some participants have associated the term lifelong learning with the time of learning and some identified it with self-improvement and adjustment. With respect to the thoughts of teacher candidates, the basic skills taking place in elementary school curricula are formative. However, some problems are experienced while teaching these skills to students.
One of the major issues in spoken English is to understand how listeners recognize the word stress. Word stress is an abstract property of the words that is not always acoustically realized in the speech signal. In English language, nuclear stress mobility, which is the establisher of accentuation in the interlingual speech, is not perceived by a great majority of Turkish English teachers and trainees. In the present study, how the mobility of the primary stress acts to and pro in the structure of the English vocabulary items will be demonstrated by using electronic dictionaries. The problem-causing vocabulary items in nuclear stress placement, like démocrat-demócracy-democrátic and arístocrat- aristócracy-aristocrátic can be downloaded by the Audacity program and the mobility of stress in their phonetic and phonemic transcriptions can be exhibited via computer applications in teaching vocabulary items and a designed lesson plan is also possible to rehabilitate the fossilized stress errors.
The purpose of this study is to reveal university students’ preferences about problems issues which are preferred to take psychological counseling and guidance services over the Internet. The relationship among different variables (gender, age, and problem issues) were aimed to be found out during the study. Quantitative data were collected and the survey method was used according to the study. As a data collection tool developed by the researcher "Psychological Counseling and Guidance services over the Internet on the desired Advisory Opinion Survey" were used. Similar studies were done. For developing the survey questionnaire primarily the sources were screened. (Psychological Counseling and Guidance students who study in Eastern Mediterranean University), 183 student voluntarily attended in the research as participant. Analysis of the data, percentage-frequency detection, brivate correlation and chi-square were used.
In addition, Psychological and counseling services provide more opportunities to reach more than face to face services over the Internet. Thus, this study has been made in the TRNC to reveal the population ideas about new technological services in field of counseling. The research findings contribute to scientists; it can provide training in academic terms.
Keywords: Counseling Services, Internet and University Students [HTML]
This study aims to evaluate the relationship between perceived mother – father acceptance or rejection of adolescents and depression, somatization, anxiety, hostility and negative self. 492 students (322 female and 170 male) in year 10 and 11 studying in the Republic of Northern Cyprus took part in the study. The Parental Acceptance – Rejection / Control Questionnaire and The Brief Symptom Inventory were administered. The data which was entered into the SPSS program was evaluated using t-test, ANOVA, correlations and regression analysis. The study found that adolescents perceived their mothers – fathers to be accepting. There low level relationship between rejection from mother-father and depression, somatization, anxiety, hostility and negative self. It was determined that depression, anxiety, somatization, hostility and negative self, in students living in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, are related to maternal control. Our research has shown that the adolescents who participated have developed a relationship of good quality with their parents. All the information collected is discussed in the light of literary evidence.
Pre-school education has an important role in the development of societies, the most important steps a country's education system. To be a qualified pre-school service professional and pedagogically equipped with educators of qualified pre-school education programs are needed. Objectives of preschool education institutions in Azerbaijan, national and moral values in children with language teaching and talented students are revealing. Azerbaijan is prepared in accordance with the wishes of the community pre-school children in the state standards, which serve the realization of state policy in the field of pre-school education in the country and the general norms valid for 5 years. From this point of the current state of research in Azerbaijan with the Pre-School Education and Program is aimed to investigate the State Standard. The method of document analysis method used in this study, qualitative research methods. Content analysis was applied to analyze the data.
Keywords: preschool education in Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijan State Standard and Pre-School Education Program [HTML]
According to the level of education, age structure and profession, serious differences could be observed in perception styles of humans. This difference in the perception of people reflects to spatial term with mind maps. Space percept and the perception of cities with mind maps, which is the organization style of space are the most characteristic examples of this topic. The main street of Famagusta which is one of the substantial centrals of TRNC has been evaluated in this context. With the questionnaire study and mind maps that carried out it is reached to an important inference about the use of urban space. In this context it is aimed to have an idea about the socio-economic structure of people from different parts of society by their comprehension about urban space.
The aim of this study is to determine the acquisitions that teacher candidates of chemistry have obtained from the activities at application schools and the difficulties that both teacher candidates of chemistry and chemistry teachers of application at application schools face in the frame of faculty-school cooperation. In this study, a survey consisting of half open ended questions has been applied to teacher candidates and teachers of application in order to receive their opinions about the subject. According to the data, in Faculty of Education-School of Application Cooperation, expectations of teacher candidates and teachers of application from each other and, solutions have been presented regarding what should be done for this course to be more effective in accordance with maintaining the cooperation properly.
Keywords: teaching application, teacher candidates, teachers of application [HTML]
Majority of the university students have big expectations when they begin university life and their ideas for achieving these expectations reveal the degree of their university expectations. Individual, institutional and social competition makes it obvious to reach the peak in information society especially an intensive competition among universities. It will be advantageous to give importance and priority for universities and conduct this type of researches to present more qualified services for competitors in such a competitive environment. This study aims to present the degree of expectations and satisfaction of the students of Education Faculty by taking into consideration physical conditions of the faculty, courses, management characteristics and instructors. Small difference between expectation and satisfaction of the university shows that students’ expectations are met with good performance, when there is a big difference it shows that performance is not good in a particular area. On the other hand, when the degree of expectations is high and satisfaction degree is low universities should use intervention immediately and create development programs. When the degree of expectation and satisfaction are high, universities are considered to be strong in providing academic services and advantages. When the degree of expectation is low and the degree of satisfaction is high, universities exceed the services of expectations of the students, but this situation is very rare.
Keywords: Expectation, satisfation level, manargial and academic services [HTML]
This study aims to identify the perceptions of elementary school teacher candidates about the Community Service Practice course and establish whether these perceptions vary according to certain variables. The study group consisted of 315 third-year teacher candidates studying at Hacettepe University, Education Faculty, Department of Elementary Education’s Division of Preschool Education, Elementary Education, Mathematics Education and Science Education. Data were collected by using a Personal Information Form and the Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions of the Community Service Practice Course Scale. The data gathered were analyzed by using t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results suggested that teacher candidates’ perceptions of the Community Service Practice course were positive. A significant difference was found between the perceptions of candidates from different departments in the institution and advising dimensions. On the other hand, teacher candidates’ perceptions of this course did not vary significantly with respect to age, gender, being a member of an NGO or volunteering for one.
Keywords: community service practice, teacher candidates, community service [HTML]
This study was carried out in an attempt to reach conclusions about the degree of managerial effectiveness which is administered in schools within the framework of laws, regulations and by-laws by headmasters and vice-headmasters of primary and secondary education, on the other hand, contributions of personal and organizational development of the concept of managerial effectiveness in the context of the centralized educational system of the Ministry of National Youth and Sports Education in TRNC. Study sample is analyzed according to the perceptions of the participants.
The population of the research about the managerial effectiveness is the working headmasters, vice-headmasters of primary and secondary schools which are connected to the Ministry of National Youth and Sports Education in TRNC.
In this study, administrator’s evaluation of schools in an effective working environment within the organization, providing the flow of information and communication, strategic planning, applications made regarding change and lifelong learning for themselves about their thoughts are discussed.
As a result; it is possible to imply that the administrators who participated in the survey are aware of the concept of managerial effectiveness, they are working to implement managerial effectiveness in schools, and also there is a positive effect of this concept on the individual organizational structure.
The aim of this study is to determine the point of views of the teachers who work in Secondary Schools and the auditors in the National Education Supervision Assessment and Steering Committee, on the leadership attitude and to offer solution for the audit system to be more effective and productive according to this data. With this aim the researcher, established the research in qualitative pattern, and asked open ended questions which are semi-established in terms of the structure. In this context, the research was carried out by means of interviewing with 37 teachers who work in Secondary Schools.The findings obtained from the research state that according to teachers’ perceptions, the ministry supervisors are satisfactory about leadership attitude. According to the research, there is no significant range in teachers’ perceptions according to variability of their age, gender and professional experience.
The awareness, attitudes and behaviors of teacher candidates, who will be employed in primary and secondary education, about renewable energy within the scope of environmental education have a great importance. In this context, the purpose of this study is to investigate any significant differences in teachers' attitudes about renewable energy in relation to some variables. The research was conducted in the academic year 2011-2012 with 134 (87 female and 47 male) samples. The samples are the students from the Departments of Pre-School Teaching, Classroom Teaching, and Teaching Geography in Near East University in Northern Cyprus. The data analysis was based on "Renewable Energy Attitude Scale" developed by Morgil et al. in 2005, whichconsists 39 questions and based on 5-likert scale. The validity and reliability of the "Renewable Energy Attitude Scale" was computed by the researchers, and the number of the questions was decreased to 33 after they were adapted to the Cypriot culture. SPSS 16 program was used for data analysis. The arithmetic mean, the frequency - the percentage distribution, t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used in analyzing the data. It was found that the department, gender, class and environmental education received at the university make a significant difference in the environmental attitudes of teacher candidates, whereas their parents' education and environmental education received at high school do not make any significant difference in the environmental attitudes of teacher candidates.
The purpose of this research is to determine the level of awareness for water conservation and environmental education of high school students in Northern Cyprus by means of a questionnaire and to emphasize the importance of education in order to develop environmental awareness. The population of this research involves 470 high school students studying in Northern Cyprus. 295 female and 175 male students have participated in this questionnaire. The quantitative research method used in this study allows the students enough time to answer the questionnaire. The data is collected by a questionnaire prepared in accordance to the literature information. The results have been analyzed by SPSS software. Environmental issues have become an important issue within the past 20 years. In order to determine the gender variance of this consciousceness and awareness, the unrelated t-test was used. The variance according to the education level of parents, nationality and region is detected by Anova, Scheffe and Post Hoc tests. Moreover, in order to analyze the attitudes of the students regarding the environmental education adequacy, frequencies and percentages were used. The trustworthiness of the environmental behavior scale is found to be at a rate of 0.87 with respect to Cronbach Alfa. The findings obtained from this study show that the students generally have a high level of awareness for environmental education and water conservation; however this awareness is not reflected at a behavioral level.
Keywords: education, environmental awareness, environmental awareness, water conservation, environmental knowledge, high school, environmental attitude scale [HTML]
Problem sentence of this research is “what are the students’ perceptions about the language of instruction in higher education?” The research is qualitative and designed as a case study. Purposive and contrary/excessive case sampling is used and the study group is chosen from the students of Psychological Counseling and Guidance Department in Eastern Meditarranean University. Datas are obtained through “Interview Form for Language of Instruction” and “focused group interview”. Descriptive analysis is used. According to the results, most of the students are against teaching in foreign language and the most important problem was “teaching based on memorizing”. The problems can be removed by identifying and preventing all negative aspects that are influencing the quality of the instruction at the schools whose teaching is done in a foreign language.
Keywords: language of instruction, teaching in Turkish, teaching in foreign language, higher education [HTML]
Teachers have an important role in creating effective and efficient learning environment. Besides teachers’ field and pedagogical related knowledge, some affective and cognitive characteristics of teachers would affect the qualification of the learning environments, which they create. Therefore, it is also important to investigate preservice teachers’ teacher efficacy beliefs to improve the quality of the education. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of preservice physics teachers’ metacognitive self regulation and physics self efficacy beliefs on their teacher efficacy beliefs. Study group of this research consists of 111 preservice physics teachers. Research data were collected through “Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy”, “Use of Metacognitive Strategy in Physics” and “Physics Selfefficacy” scales. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were conducted for the analysis of the data. Research data showed that preservice physics teachers’ have high level of teacher efficacy beliefs, use of metacognitive strategy skills and physics self efficacy beliefs. In addition to this, the results of this research indicated that use of meatcognitive strategy in physics and physics self efficacy beliefs contribute significantly to predict preservice physics teachers’ teacher self-efficacy beliefs and the whole model explains 26% of the variance.