Doing Exploratory Talk in the Language Classroom: A Sequential Account


Doing Exploratory Talk in the Language Classroom: A Sequential Account


Nancy BOBLETTColumbia Universityboblett@tc.columbia.edu


ÖZET
Building on William Barnes’ research (1992; 2008; 2010) on how exploratory talk can be used as a tool to work on understanding and promote learning in L1 elementary school classrooms, I examine exploratory talk in the adult ESL classroom. Ten hours of two adult ESL classes were videotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using a conversation analytic (CA) framework. The analysis shows that exploratory talk is implemented through a 5-stage sequential structure and can be teacher- or jointly-led. Each stage in the sequence is introduced, supported, and managed as much by gestures, gaze, and movement as by talk and silence. The findings not only suggest that exploratory talk offers an important resource for resolving language issues but also how this can be done step-by-step in real time. The findings contribute to previous research on exploratory talk by locating this talk within larger exploratory sequences, calling attention to crucial nonverbal conduct, and examining these sequences in the adult ESL classroom.


ABSTRACT
Building on William Barnes’ research (1992; 2008; 2010) on how exploratory talk can be used as a tool to work on understanding and promote learning in L1 elementary school classrooms, I examine exploratory talk in the adult ESL classroom. Ten hours of two adult ESL classes were videotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using a conversation analytic (CA) framework. The analysis shows that exploratory talk is implemented through a 5-stage sequential structure and can be teacher- or jointly-led. Each stage in the sequence is introduced, supported, and managed as much by gestures, gaze, and movement as by talk and silence. The findings not only suggest that exploratory talk offers an important resource for resolving language issues but also how this can be done step-by-step in real time. The findings contribute to previous research on exploratory talk by locating this talk within larger exploratory sequences, calling attention to crucial nonverbal conduct, and examining these sequences in the adult ESL classroom.


ANAHTAR KELİMELER: exploratory talk, classroom discourse, conversation analysis, English as a Second Language


KEYWORDS: exploratory talk, classroom discourse, conversation analysis, English as a Second Language


DOI :  [PDF]